BJP Founded in 1980, the Bharatiya Janata Party was a reinvention of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, the political wing of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. The BJS, formed in 1951 by S.P. Mookerjee, had set up itself as a right-wing Hindu nationalist party. During the 1975, this political outfit was dissolved and reintroduced as the BJP. The party did not fare well in the first election it contested in 1984, managing to win only 2 Lok Sabha seats.
However, below the leadership of veteran politicians like Atal Bihari Vajpayee, L K Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and others, the party noticed a gradual rise. In 1990, L K Advani started a nationwide Ram Rath Yatra to garner assist for the development of a Ram temple at the Babri Mosque site. This rath yarta, unfold throughout various states, is credited with shoring up a huge guide base for the party. Advani was once arrested in Bihar by way of the then Chief Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav on the orders of the then Prime Minister V P Singh. A few other leaders were arrested as well. The yatra and the demolition of Babri Mosque that followed on 6 December 1992, further gained the party a lot of ground, especially in the Hindi belt.
In the 1996 common elections, the country noticed a hung Parliament, with BJP winning 162 seats, and the congress 140. The BJP shaped a coalition authorities and Atal Bihari Vajpayee grew to become the top minister of the country. However, he resigned within 16 days, as he could control to show the support of only 200 MPs.
Lok Sabha elections were once more held in 1998, and the BJP was once once more able to form a authorities at the Centre in alliance with various different parties; the coalition was once known as National Democratic Alliance (NDA). However, the authorities collapsed once more after 18 months, as the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) withdrew its support. In the clean elections in 1999, BJP lower back to strength and Atal Bihari Vajpayee used to be once more elected the PM. This government lasted its full term of 5 years.
But In 2004 BJP lost the elections, ceding power to the Congress. The Congress, main the United Progressive Alliance, fashioned a government with Manmohan Singh as the PM. The UPA government served two full phrases at the Centre, till the rise of Narendra Modi as a national chief 10 years later. The BJP registered a landslide victory in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, with Narendra Modi as its top ministerial candidate.
The BJP registered a landslide victory in the Lok Sabha elections 2014, with Narendra Modi as its PM (prime ministerial) candidate. These elections heralded a golden period in its political history, as the party bagged 282 LS seats, 10 more than the halfway mark by way of its personal might. This was also the largest defeat in records for the Congress party, whose Lok Sabha strength was reduced to just 45 seats.Not solely the Centre, the months that followed noticed the BJP winning one state after another, and at one factor the party was in power in as many as 21 states. This section additionally noticed the rise of many regional leaders
However, the BJP’s juggernaut was halted in a way in 2018, when the party lost three crucial states – MP, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan – to the Congress Party.
In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, which it is battle in a pre-poll alliance with a number of parties and with Amit Shah as its president, will be very fundamental for the BJP, as it is in search of a 2d straight time period in office for Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Its alliance partners under the NDA umbrella include the Shiromani Akali Dal, Shiv Sena, Lok Janshakti Party, Apna Dal, Sikkim Democratic Front, Naga People's Front, Mizo National Front, and Manipur Peoples Party.
Among the BJP’s key leaders are Narendra Modi, Amit Shah, Yogi Adityanath, Sushma Swaraj, Arun Jaitley, Rajnath Singh and L K Advani, .
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